No Match Found
Update: the EU Parliament and the Council of the EU reached a provisional agreement on the Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM) on Tuesday morning, 13 December 2022. Some details such as the transition period and phase out period are still dependent on the outcome of the negotiations on the EU ETS revision. After the EU Parliament and the Council EU reach agreement on this, Parliament and Council will have to formally adopt the CBAM for entry into force from 1 October 2023. Please see our CBAM detail page for more information. The information below has not been updated and dates from 29 June 2022
Very early morning 29 June 2022, the Council of the European Union adopted its negotiation position, their so called ‘general approach’, on five of the Fit for 55-proposals: the revised EU ETS, Effort Sharing Regulation, CO2 emissions standards for cars and vans, LULUCF and the Social Climate Fund. The Council’s general approach is somewhat more conservative than the position the European Parliament has taken. For instance, as the start date of the phase out of free CO2 emission rights the Council agreed on a ten year period, 2026 until 2035. In the subsequent negotiations with the European Parliament (EP) that are planned to take place this Fall, the EP’s position is a five year phase out, commencing in 2027.
The Council’s position on the Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM) was already agreed upon last March. This brings it to a total of six Fit for 55 proposals that are ready for the so-called Trilogue negotiations between the EP, Council and the EC. The Trilogue negotiations are expected to take place this Fall, since an important part of the measures are intended to come into force by 1 January 2023.
Although the final proposals following the negotiations between the Council and the EP are still pending, it is very likely that these will undoubtedly have a significant impact on companies and individuals. The outcome needs to meet the agreed targets of the European Climate Law: a binding EU 2030 climate target of a domestic reduction of net greenhouse gas emissions (emissions after deduction of removals) by at least 55 percent compared to 1990 levels by 2030.
Now is the time for companies to scrutinise their supply and value chains, get a clearer view on their carbon footprint (direct and indirect) and the potential costs to consider following these upcoming measures. Also, processes need to be put in place to meet the administrative compliance obligations, e.g. for the CBAM during the transition period starting as per 1 January 2023. Doing this now creates the time to obtain the required insights and subsequently implement adequate measures to mitigate the additional taxes and levies that will inevitably follow from the measures included in the Fit for 55 Package. In order to support the business case for investments reducing the carbon footprint, there is a wide range of EU and domestic incentives available. Ideally, both the additional tax measures and the available incentives are an integral part of a sustainable business case assessment.
As said, the Council’s general approach on the Fit for 55 proposals is overall more conservative than the negotiation position of the European Parliament on the different proposals. Below we have listed the main positions on the various proposals of the Council and the differences with the formal negotiation position of the EP:
Now both the Council and the EP have determined their negotiation position, they can enter into the so-called Trilogue negotiations, led by the European Commission. It is expected that these negotiations should start this Fall. If an agreement is reached, it will then still need to be formally adopted by the EP and the Council, which is in general a formality. The six proposals that are ready to be negotiated are Revision of EU ETS, CBAM, Effort Sharing Regulation, CO2 emissions standards for cars and vans, LULUCF and Social Climate Fund. The Council has also adopted a negotiation position on the Renewable Energy Directive and the Energy Efficiency Directive, but these are still being discussed by (subcommittees of) the European Parliament.
Note that the different legislative proposals of the Fit for 55 package each have different timelines. However, it is widely expected that a large part of the Fit for 55 Package will be enacted by 1 January 2023. Monetary impact in terms of additional taxes could materialise quite soon following the enactment, therefore it is important to start preparing sooner rather than later to identify what the current carbon footprint (direct and indirect) of your operations is and to identify what the abatement options (sustainable business case) are.
The aim of the Fit for 55 Package is to reduce the EU’s net greenhouse gas emissions by at least 55 per cent by 2030 compared to 1990 levels, and reach climate neutrality by 2050. Next to environmental targets, the package also addresses certain societal aspects of the energy transition. For example, the Climate Social Fund’s objective is to mitigate the societal impact of the extended emissions trading scheme.
Energy - Utilities - Resources Industry, Tax, Partner, PwC Netherlands
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Partner, Energy transition and sustainable energy, PwC Netherlands
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Director (Tax) - Energy, Utilities & Resources, PwC Netherlands
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Senior Manager - Tax, Sustainability and Incentives, PwC Netherlands
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